Agnes Cassia
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Agnes Cassia
D Introduced Photo: Saroj Kasaju
Common name: Agnes Cassia
Botanical name: Cassia agnes    Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family)
Synonyms: Cassia javanica var. agnes de Wit

Agnes Cassia is a tree, usually more than 10 m tall, sometimes up to 30 m. Flowers are borne in panicles 6-9 cm long, at branch-ends on young leafy shoots, composed of 6-10 racemes. The inflorescence distinguishes it from Java Cassia, where flowers are borne in lat­eral racemes on short side branches. Bracts are broadly lanceshaped, 5-8 mm. Sepals are broadly lanceshaped, 8-10 mm. Petals are pink, slightly unequal in size, 3-4.5 × 1.4-2 cm. Stamens are 10, among them 3 lower antesepalous with fil­aments 3-3.5 cm, inflated in middle, 4 of medium size, fila­ments about 1/2 as long as former, not inflated at middle, other 3 smaller. Ovary is long, slender, slightly velvet-hairy. Leaves are compound, 25-40 cm, leaf-stalk 3-6 cm. Leaflets are 6-10 pairs, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 5-8 x 2.5-3.3 cm, both surfaces hairy, base slightly asymmetric, tip shortly tapering. Pod is cylindrical, 30-50 cm long, about 2 mm broad, with annular nodes. Seeds are numerous.Agnes Cassia is native to Laos, Thailand, Viet­nam, widely cultivated world over.

Identification credit: Tabish Photographed in Naxalbari, West Bengal.

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