Almond Wormwood
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Almond Wormwood
ative Photo: Gurcharan Singh
Common name: Almond Wormwood
Botanical name: Artemisia amygdalina    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)

Almond Wormwood is an erect, up to 1.5 m tall perennial herb which is now critically endangered. It Stems are many, arising from the base, shallowly to deeply grooved, hairless, younger shoots hairy. Leaves are almost sessile, simple, narrowly elliptic-lanceshaped, 9-15 cm long, 1-3.5 cm wide, undivided, toothed, teeth incurved, gland-tipped, white-velvety beneath, hairless-green above, gradually narrowed and eared at the base, apex long pointed. Flower-heads are numerous, heterogamous, pendulous, about 3-4 mm across, carried on stalks 1-1.5 mm long, in panicles 20-35 x 5-6 cm with suberect lateral branches up to 5 x 1 cm. Involucre is 3-4-seriate, outermost phyllaries narrowly ovate, slightly hairy outside, about 3 x 1.25 mm, ciliate on membranous margins, pointed, innermost elliptic-oblong, 3.5-4 x about 1.5 mm, hairless, margins broadly membranous. Florets are up to 25, all fertile; marginal florets are female, 8-10 with 2-toothed, about 1 mm long corolla, style branches flat; disc-florets are bisexual, 12-15, with 5-toothed urn-shaped about 1.5 mm long, pale, hairless, basally constricted corolla, anther appendages obtuse, protruding. Cypselas are cylindrical, about 1 mm long, smooth. Almond Wormwood is endemic to Pakistan (North West Frontier Province) and Kashmir. Flowering: July-September.

Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh Photographed in Botanical Garden, Kashmir University, Kashmir.

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