Botanical name: Zanthoxylum acanthopodium Family: Rutaceae (Citrus family)
Synonyms: Fagara acanthopodium, Zanthoxylum alatum, Zanthoxylum timbor
Andaliman Pepper is a perennial erect shrub with spiny stem, 2.5-3.0 m tall, with branches brown woolly. Leaves are odd-pinnate, 10-30 cm long, leaflets ovate, lanceshaped to oblong, pointed, margin sawtoothed; wings 0.8-1.2 cm broad between leaflets. Flowers are borne in umbel-like panicles. Male flowers have sepal-cup-lobed, petals 4, ovate-elliptic, stamens 4. Female flowers have sepal-cup and flower as in male flowers; carpels 4, ovoid, styles cohering. Ovary 2-5, carpellate. Fruit is a berry, ovoid and glandular. Much like the closely related Sichuan pepper, the seed pericarps are used as spices in cooking and have a similar tongue-numbing characteristic. Andaliman Pepper is native to East Himalaya to S China and W Malesia, at altitudes of 1600-2800 m. Flowering: April-May.
Medicinal uses: Mature fruits are eaten in case of gastritis, stomach colic and liver complain, fruits are used as anti typhoid, gastritis, liver disorder and toothache. The bark and seeds are used as a tonic in fever and bowel complaints. It is supposed to possess stomachia and carminative properties. In the ayurvedic medicine, the bark, fruits and seeds are extensively employed as carminative, stomachic and anthelmintic. The fruits are used for gums and dental disorders as dyspepsia and lotion for scabies. Fresh roots are used to cure dental problem.
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