Andaman Skullcap
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Andaman Skullcap
ative Photo: Apurba Das
Common name: Andaman Skullcap
Botanical name: Scutellaria andamanica    Family: Lamiaceae (Mint family)

Andaman Skullcap is a hairless herb with stems woody and round below, 4-angled above and grooved, 20-25 cm tall, rather numerous from a woody rootstock with clustered rootlets, erect, simple or branched, rigid. Leaves are few, long-stalked, oblong-lanceshaped, blunt tipped, saw-toothed, except at the entire tapering wedge-shaped base. Leaves are 4-4.5 cm long, 1-1.5 cm wide, crenatures 7-8 on each side, stalks 3-4 cm long. Flowers are borne opposite or in whorls of threes except the uppermost scattered, in racemes 8-10 cm long. Bracts are 3 mm long equalling the flower-stalks. Calyx is 3 mm long, flowers blue with centre of lip white, 1.6 cm. long. Nutlets are pale-brown, rough, 1 mm long. Andaman Skullcap is found in Andaman, South Island, on rocks in stream -beds a few feet above sea-level. This species is somewhat nearly allied to Bicolor Skullcap of which it has quite the corolla and has also, near the top of the spike, the scattered flowers.

Identification credit: Apurba Das
Photographed in Little Andaman, Andaman & Nicobar.
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