Angled-Seed Campion
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Angled-Seed Campion
ative Photo: Krishan Lal
Common name: Angled-Seed Campion
Botanical name: Silene gonosperma    Family: Caryophyllaceae (Carnation family)
Synonyms: Lychnis pumila, Melandrium pumilum

Angled-Seed Campion is a perennial herb, 6-20 cm. Roots are robust, multicrowned. Stems are sparsely caespitose or solitary, erect, simple, densely velvety, apically glandular hairy. Basal leaves are linear-inverted-lanceshaped, 3-6 cm x 4-8 mm, both surfaces pubescent, margin ciliate, base attenuate into stalk, tip blunt or pointed. Stem leaves are 1-3 pairs, stalkless, lanceolate, smaller. Flowers are solitary, rarely 2 or 3, looking down. Flower-stalks are 2-5 cm, densely glandular hairy, bracts linear-lanceolate, sparsely hairy. Calyx is bell-shaped-spherical, 1.3-1.5 cm x 7-10 mm, base rounded, villous and glandular hairy; longitudinal veins dark violet, not cohering at apex; calyx teeth triangular, margin membranous, apex obtuse. Androgynophore ca. 1 mm. Petals included or rarely slightly exserted beyond calyx, dark violet; claws cuneate, eciliate, with orbicular auricles; limbs emarginate or shallowly bifid; coronal scales inconspicuous. Stamens included; filaments glabrous. Styles included. Capsule is ellipsoid-ovoid, 1-1.2 cm, 10-toothed. Seeds brown, orbicular, flat, 1.5-2 mm in diameter including wing. Angled-Seed Campion is found in alpine meadows in the Himalayas, at altitudes of 3000-4400 m. Flowering: June-July.

Identification credit: Krishan Lal
Photographed in Baralacha-Lahaul, Himachal Pradesh.
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