In Indian mythology, Arjun is supposed to be Sita's favourite tree. Native to
India, the tree attracts lot of attention because of its association with
mythology and its many uses. Arjuna is a large, evergreen tree, with a
spreading crown and drooping branches. Grows up to 25 m height, and the bark
is grey and smooth.
Leaves are sub-opposite, 5-14 × 2-4.5 cm in size, oblong or elliptic oblong.
Flowers small, white, and occur on long hanging recemes. Fruit is 2.3-3.5 cm
long, fibrous woody, glabrous and has five hard
wings, striated with numerous curved veins. Flowering time of the tree is
April-July, in Indian conditions.
Every part of the tree has useful medicinal
properties. Arjun holds a reputed position in both
Ayurvedic and Yunani Systems of medicine. According to Ayurveda it is
alexiteric, styptic, tonic, anthelmintic, and useful in fractures, uclers,
heart diseases, biliousness, urinary discharges, asthma, tumours, leucoderma,
anaemia, excessive prespiration etc. According to Yunani system of medicine,
it is used both externally and internally in gleet and urinary