Asian Agrimony
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Asian Agrimony
P Native Photo: Shakir Ahmad
Common name: Asian Agrimony
Botanical name: Agrimonia eupatoria subsp. asiatica    Family: Rosaceae (Rose family)
Synonyms: Agrimonia asiatica

Asian Agrimony is a perennial herb 35-120 cm tall, with stems densely hairy. Inflorescence is usually simple; axis thick, velvet-hairy and hairy. Flowers are 1.2-1.3 cm in diameter, carried on flower-stalk about 1 mm. Bract are 3- or 4-parted with segments fasciated; bracteoles in 1 pair, ovate, margin 3-sawtoothed. Sepals are 5, triangular-ovate. Petals are yellow, obovate-elliptic. Stamens are 11-12. Stigma is prominently dilated. Stipules are semiround, herbaceous, margin coarsely pointedly sawtoothed or lobed. Leaf-stalks are hairy and velvet-hairy. Leaves are interestingly compound, with tiny leaflets mixed with larger leaflets. There may be 3-5 pairs of leaflets, on uppermost 1 or 2 pairs. Leaflets are stalkless or occasionally shortly stalked, elliptic, oblong, or obovate-elliptic, 2-7 x 1.5-4 cm, below velvet-hairy and hairy, above appressed hairy, base rounded or broadly wedge-shaped, margin coarsely rounded toothed, tip blunt or pointed. Fruiting hypanthium is bell-shaped, 8-10 x about 5 mm including prickles, below 10-ribbed, hairy, with a multiseriate crown of prickles; outer prickles reflexed, inner ones spreading. Asian Agrimony is found in mountains, river banks, at altitudes of 500-1300 m, in Xinjiang, C and SW Asia. Flowering: July.

Identification credit: Shakir Ahmad Photographed in Kashmir.

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