FoI
Assam Boat-Lip Orchid   
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Assam Boat-Lip Orchid
P Native Photo: Krishnendu Bera
Common name: Assam Boat-Lip Orchid
Botanical name: Tropidia curculigoides    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Tropidia assamica, Tropidia graminea, Tropidia hongkongensis

Assam Boat-Lip Orchid is a large sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial orchid with an often branched, thin, woody stem. Flowers are not upside down, greenish white; flower-stalk and ovary 5-6 mm. Sepals are lanceshaped or oblong-lanceshaped, 7-10 x 1.5-1.7 mm, tip long tapering; lateral sepals fused only at base, tip recurved. Petals are oblong-lanceshaped, 6-8 x about 1.3 mm; lip ovate-lanceshaped or oblong-lanceshaped, boat-shaped, 6-8 mm, concave-saclike at base. It has basally stem-clasping, thin but tough, pleated, narrowly lanceshaped, pointed leaves. Leaves are held in a spiral around the stem. The plant blooms in the late spring and early summer on a 1.5 cm long, corymb-like, several to many flowered inflorescence, in leaf-axils or at branch-ends, often on more than one per internode. Assam Boat-Lip Orchid is found in Eastern Himalayas to New Caledonia, Peninsular India and Andaman islands. It grows in shaded places, along valleys in forests, at altitudes of 200-1000 m. Flowering: June-August.

Identification credit: Bubai Bera Photographed in Chilkigarh, West Bengal.

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