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ntroduced Photo: Gurcharan Singh
Common name: Barley • Hindi: जव jav, जौ jau • Kannada: jave-godhi • Malayalam: barli, yavam • Marathi: satu, jav • Sanskrit: aksata, akshata, dhanyaraja • Tamil: barliarisi • Telugu: barlibiyam, dhanuabhedam • Urdu: jao, jav
Botanical name: Hordeum vulgare    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)

Barley is a cereal grain derived from the annual grass. Spikelets are arranged in triplets which alternate along the rachis. In wild barley only the central spikelet is fertile, while the other two are reduced. This condition is retained in certain cultivars known as two-row barleys. Barley is a widely adaptable crop. It is currently popular in temperate areas where it is grown as a summer crop and tropical areas where it is sown as a winter crop. Its germination time is anywhere from 1 to 3 days. Barley likes to grow under cool conditions but is not particularly winter hardy.

Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh Photographed in Delhi & Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir.

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