Bearded Muraina Grass
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Bearded Muraina Grass
P Native Photo: Sushant More
Common name: Bearded Muraina Grass
Botanical name: Ischaemum barbatum    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Synonyms: Ischaemum imbricatum, Ischaemum sinense, Ischaemum gibbum

Bearded Muraina Grass is a perennial grass with stems erect or rising up, 30-100 cm tall, often branched at base, nodes hairless or bearded. Leaf sheaths are hairless to hairy, margins fringed with hairs or hairless; leaf blades linear or narrowly lanceshaped, 5-30 x 0.3-0.8 cm, hairless to hairy, margins scaberulous, base variable, heart-shaped to narrowed or pseudostalked, tip pointed; ligule 2-5 mm. Flower-racemes are borne at branch-ends, paired, usually appressed back to back, 4-10 cm; axis internodes oblong, triquetrous, fringed with hairs along outer angle, inner angles hairless or shortly fringed with hairs. Stalkless spikelet are lanceshaped-oblong, 5-7 x 1.6-2 mm; lower glume 2-keeled throughout, hairless to hairy, awn of upper lemma 1-1.5 cm. Stalked spikelets are dorsally compressed, as large as stalkless but marginal nodules less developed, awnless or awned. Bearded Muraina Grass is native to Tropical & Subtropical Asia to W. Pacific.

Identification credit: Manoj Chandran Photographed in Badlapur, Maharashtra.

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