Bermuda Grass
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Bermuda Grass
ative Photo: Gurcharan Singh
Common name: Bermuda Grass • Assamese: Dubari • Bengali: দুর্বা Durba • Hindi: दूब Doob, Dobri • Kannada: ಗಱಿಕೆ, ಗರಿಕೆ Garike, ಗಱಿಕೆಹುಲ್ಲು ಗರಿಕೆಹುಲ್ಲು Garikehullu, Balli garike, ಅಂಬಟೆಹುಲ್ಲು Ambate hullu • Manipuri: ꯇꯤꯡꯊꯧ Tingthou • Marathi: haryali, dhurva • Mizo: phaitualhnim • Oriya: dubbo ghas • Sanskrit: Niladurva, saddala, ananta • Tamil: Arugampillu, Arukampillu, muyalpul • Telugu: Ghericha, gerichagaddi • Urdu: Doob
Botanical name: Cynodon dactylon    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)

Bermuda Grass is a grass native to north Africa, Asia and Australia and southern Europe. The name "Bermuda Grass" derives from its abundance as an invasive species on Bermuda; it does not occur naturally there. The blades are a grey-green colour and are short, usually 4-15 cm long with rough edges. The erect stems can grow 1-30 cm, rarely to 3 ft, tall. The stems are slightly flattened, often tinged purple in color. The seed heads are produced in a cluster of 3–7 spikes (rarely two) together at the top of the stem, each spike 3–6 cm long. It has a deep root system. In drought situations with penetrable soil, the root system can grow to over 2 m deep, though most of the root mass is less than 60 cm under the surface. The grass creeps along the ground and root wherever a node touches the ground, forming a dense mat. Bermuda Grass reproduces through seeds, through runners and rhizomes.

Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh Photographed in Delhi.

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