Bicolor Buttonweed   
Foto info
Bicolor Buttonweed
A Native Unknown Photo: Saroj Kasaju
Common name: Bicolor Buttonweed • Nepali: हाछ्युं झार Haachhyun Jhaar, गोरस पान GorasPaan, हचितु Hachitu
Botanical name: Dichrocephala integrifolia    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)
Synonyms: Hippia integrifolia, Centipeda latifolia, Cotula bicolor

Bicolor Buttonweed is a rather weedy annual herb of high rainfall areas, particularly in forest clearings and margins. It is an erect herb up to 1.6 m. Leaf-stalks are absent or up to 5 cm, sometimes winged; blade 2-10 x 1.5-6 cm, lyrate-pinnately cut or ovate, hairy to becoming hairless above and beneath; margin rounded toothed or rounded toothed-sawtoothed. Flower-heads are very small, about 4 mm in diameter, white spherical balls with yelow centers. Phyllaries are about 1 mm. Seedpods are about 1 mm, hairless or with a few glands at tip; margin 2-ribbed. It is Widespread in tropical Africa, Swaziland, South Africa, Madagascar, Southern Europe and most of Asia. In the Himalayas, it is found up to 1600 m. Flowering: All year.
Medicinal uses: When the aroma of the crushed flower heads is inhaled it induces sneezing and thus helps to reduce nasal congestion. The leaves are antiviral. Applied externally, the leaves are crushed and used to treat ulcers and swellings. The young shoots are applied as a poultice in treating blennorrhoea, leucorrhoea, and the stings or bites of insects, spiders or scorpions. The plant juice is used as a treatment against filariasis, it is used in treating malarial fevers and, when put in the nose, is used to treat sinusitis and migraine. The dried and powdered plant is applied as a dressing on old infected wounds. The juice of the plant is appled to cuts and wounds.

Identification credit: Saroj Kasaju Photographed in Sourinee, Mirik, Darjeeling distt.

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