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E Native Photo: Anurag Sharma
Common name: Bignay, Currant Tree, Bugnay, Chinese-laurel, Herbert River-cherry, Queensland-cherry, salamander-tree, wild cherry • Hindi: हिमालचेरी Himalcheri • Kannada: kareekomme, kari komme, naayi kote • Malayalam: Airyaporiyan, Mayilkombi, Aryaporiyan, Cerutali • Manipuri: ꯍꯩꯌꯦꯟ Heiyen • Marathi: aamatee, amati, bhumy-sadpay • Tamil: நாளைதளி Nolaidali • Telugu: aanepoo, anepu, jaanupolaari, janu polari • Mizo: Tuai-tit
Botanical name: Antidesma bunius    Family: Phyllanthaceae (Amla family)
Synonyms: Antidesma rumphii, Antidesma glabrum

Bignay is a tree up to 5 m tall. Young branchlets are round, slightly velvet-hairy. Leaves are simple, alternate, spiral; leaf-stalk about 0.5 cm long; blade 7-18 x 1.5-4 cm, elliptic-oblong to lanceshaped, tip tapering, base pointed to blunt, hairless and sometimes shining and dark green above; midrib channeled above; secondary nerves 5-8 pairs, looped; tertiary nerves netveined. Flowers are borne in racemes in leaf-axils or at branch-ends. Flowers are unisexual, dioecious; male flowers are borne in thick 8-10 cm long hairless spikes, stalkless; female flowers are borne in racemes. Drupes are 1-seeded. Bignay is found in Indo-Malesia to Australia and South China, widely cultivated for its berries. In India it is found in South India and East Himalaya.

Identification credit: Tapas Chakrabarty Photographed in Agumbe, Karnataka.

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