Botanical name: Cenchrus setigerus Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Synonyms: Cenchrus montanus, Cenchrus bulbifer, Cenchrus uniflorus
Birdwood Grass is a clustered perennial grass, forming stems from bulbous base, 1-3 ft tall, leaf blade 2-20 cm long and 1.8 to 6.9 mm wide. Inflorescence is compact, spike 2-20 cm long, 0.4-1.0 cm wide. False spike is dense, 1.5-9 cm long, spikelets 3-4.5 mm long, surrounded by a rigid involucre 3.5-5 mm long, the outer bristles minute or absent, the inner flattened, grooved on the back. The root system is generally less developed than Cenchrus ciliaris. Each cluster of spikelets contains one to three caryopses. Birdwood Grass grows up to 500-800 m elevation in India, in Sindh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Gujarat and other hotter parts of NW India.
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