FoI
Bithynian Vetch   
Foto info
Bithynian Vetch
A Native Photo: Ashutosh Sharma
Common name: Bithynian Vetch
Botanical name: Vicia bithynica    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Ervum bithynicum, Lathyrus bithynicus

Bithynian Vetch is an ascending or climbing annual herb, with stem sparingly hairy or nearly hairless. Leaves are paripinnately compound, leaflets 2-6, 1-7 cm long, 3-22 mm broad, obovate or oblong to lanceshaped or linear, blunt or pointed, sparingly hairy to nearly hairless; stipules 5-15 mm long, ovate-semi arrow shaped, toothed, teeth 6 or more; tendrils simple or branched. Flowers are borne in leaf-axils, in 1-3-flowered clusters. Calyx is 9-11 mm long, hairy, teeth subequal, longer than the tube. Flowers are usually bicoloured. Vexillum is purple, 1.6-2.0 cm long, wing and keel whitish. Pod is 2.5-4.5 cm long, 7-11 mm broad, narrowly oblong, somewhat recurved, velvet-hairy, margin fringed with hairs, 2-7-seeded. Bithynian Vetch is found in Pakistan; Russia, (European part, Caucasus); Afghanistan; Turkey; W. Syria; Cyprus; Western and Southern Europe. In India it is found in Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal. Flowering: February-March.

Identification credit: Ashutosh Sharma, H.S. Kirn Photographed in Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh.

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