Black Juniper
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Black Juniper
P Native Photo: Sunit Singh
Common name: Black Juniper • Nepali: धुपि Dhupi
Botanical name: Juniperus indica    Family: Cupressaceae (Cypress family)
Synonyms: Sabina indica

Black Juniper is an erect or prostrate shrub, up to 2 m, rarely small trees, dioecious; ultimate branchlets densely arranged, mostly straight, usually 4-angled, sometimes round. Leaves are both scalelike and needlelike; needlelike leaves are usually present on young trees, in whorls of 3, rising up, 3-8 mm, tip tapering; scalelike leaves decussate or sometimes in whorls of 3, closely appressed, rhombic, 1.2-2 mm, lower gland central, or basal in needlelike leaves, oblong or linear, depressed, leaf tip blunt. Pollen cones are nearly spherical or ovoid, 2-3 mm; microsporophylls 6-8, each with 2 or 3 pollen sacs. Seed cones are erect, black-brown when ripe, nearly spherical or ovoid, 6-13 x 5-8 mm, 1(or 2)-seeded. Black Juniper is found in forests or thickets on mountain slopes, at altitudes of 2600-5100 m, in the Hiimalayas, from Kashmir to NE India, Bhutan, China.

Identification credit: Sunit Singh Photographed in Madhmaheshwar, Uttarakhand.

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