Brackish Smithia
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Brackish Smithia
ative Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: Brackish Smithia
Botanical name: Smithia salsuginea    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Smithia dichotoma, Damapana dichotoma

Brackish Smithia is an annual herb, 30-45 cm tall. Stems are slender, rarely branched, sparsely setose. Stipules are ovate-lanceshaped, about 3 mm. Leaves are 2- or 4-foliolate, stalk about 1 mm; rachis 1-1.5 cm; leaflet blades are oblong-inverted-lanceshaped, 1.5-2 × 0.6-0.7 cm, mem­branous, both surfaces hairless, tip blunt. Inflorescences are shortly scorpioid cymes, with 5-6 flowers; peduncle upward spreading, 3-7 mm; bracts ovate-lanceolate. Bracteoles linear, 1/4-1/3 as long as calyx, membranous. Calyx 1-1.2 cm, mem­branous, dry, almost glabrous, with reticulate veins, abaxial lip apex acute, adaxial lip longer and apex acute to slightly emar­ginate. Corolla yellow, ca. 1.5 × as long as calyx. Stamens dia­delphous. Ovary with a short stipe. Legume a plicate loment, shortly stipitate, divided into 10-12 articles. Flowering: August-October.

Identification credit: Neil Soares
Photographed on banks of river Kundalika near Kolad, Maharashtra.
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