Bracted Premna
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Bracted Premna
E Native Photo: M. Sawmliana
Common name: Bracted Premna
Botanical name: Premna bracteata    Family: Lamiaceae (Mint family)
Synonyms: Gumira bracteata, Surfacea bracteata, Premna racemosa

Bracted Premna is a tree about 13 m tall, with branchlets and inflorescences densely dusty yellow to gray velvety. Branchlets are purple-brown, with sparse oblong to linear lenticels, almost becoming hairless, nodes with a prominent leaf scar. Leaf-stalks are 1.5-2 cm; leaf blade elliptic to broadly ovate, 6.5-17 X 5.5-10 cm, subleathery, below velvet-hairy, above shiny, base subrounded, tip abruptly tapering; veins 6-8 pairs, midvein below very prominent. Flowers are borne in spike-like thyrses with stalkless cymes laxly arranged on axis; bracts ovate, about 5 x 2 mm, minutely woolly. Sepal-cup is about 2 mm, 2-lipped; lips entire, yellowish velvety. Flower protrude from sepal-cup, 4-petalled, tube about 2 mm, hairy in throat. Stamens and style protruding; filaments hairless. Fruit is spherical, 1.5-2 mm in diameter. Bracted Premna is found in mixed forests at altitudes of 600-1300 m, in Nepal to NE India to China (S. Yunnan). Flowering: May.

Identification credit: J.M. Garg Photographed in Reiek, Mizoram.

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