Bristly Needle Grass
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Bristly Needle Grass
P Native Photo: Ankush Dave
Common name: Bristly Needle Grass, Bristly Wire Grass • Hindi: Lambi, Ludabaru • Kannada: Dodda hanchi hullu • Marathi: Mothi kussal • Sanskrit: Mashaparni • Tamil: Thudappampillu, Ukam, Ucippul • Telugu: Cheepuru gaddi, Gaddi parakalu, Paraka gaddi, Poochika gaddi
Botanical name: Aristida setacea    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Synonyms: Aristida adscendens, Aristida depressa, Aristida quinqueseta

Bristly Needle Grass is a perennial grass with stems 50-120 cm tall, erect, clustered; nodes hairless. Leaves are 10-34 x 0.2-0.5 cm, linear or linear-lanceshaped, base rounded, tip tapering, convolute, glaucous; sheaths up to 8 cm long; ligules fringed membranes. Flowers are biorne in panicles 15-35 cm long, contracted, branches erect. Spikelets are 1-1.8 cm long, linear-lanceshaped or lanceshaped. Lower glume 7-10 x 0.5-1 mm, lanceshaped, aristate, 1-nerved; arista 2-4 mm long. Upper glume 8-12 x 0.5-1 mm, lanceshaped, keeled, aristate, 1-nerved; arista 2-4 mm long. Lemma 8-12 x 1 mm, linear, convolute, 3-awned; awns 1-3 cm long. Bristly Needle Grass is found in India, Andaman & Nicobar, Bangladesh, Madagascar, Mauritius, Sri Lanka and SE Asia.

Identification credit: Ramakant Mishra Photographed in Bastar, Chattisgarh.

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