Broadleaf Eyebright
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Broadleaf Eyebright
A Native Unknown Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: Broadleaf Eyebright • Ladakhi: ཀངཅུཀ་ Kangchuk
Botanical name: Euphrasia platyphylla    Family: Orobanchaceae (Broomrape family)

Broadleaf Eyebright is an annual herb with stems erect, 10-15 cm tall, simple or somewhat branched, leafy, but the lower leaves somewhat falling off. Flowers are dorsallv 6-8 mm long: upper lip 3-3.5 mm long, finely velvet-hairy externally, its free petals short, porrect; lower lip 5-6 mm, long, deflexed-spreading, the lobes erose to strongly notched; flowers are white, lined especially laterally with dark violet, the throat yellow. Anthers are dark brown, with white hairs nearly equaling the shorter awns, which are 3-4 times exceeded by the longer awn. Flower-stalks are very short. Sepal-cup 4-5 mm. long, velvet-hairy with fine hairs, many of which are obscurely gland-tipped, the lobes lanceshaped-narrowed, the tips darkened ancl aristulate. Leaf-blades are round-ovate, larger 5-9 mm long, 6-10 mm wide, rounded at tip, with 4-5 pairs of rounded lobules; blades fringed with hairs on the margins, and velvet-hairy on both surfaces, the lower rounded or heart-shaped to leaf-stalks about 1 mm long. Bracts are slightly shorter and wider, hairy. Broadleaf Eyebright is found from NE Pakistan to W and Central Himalaya, at altitudes of 3000-4000.

Identification credit: Tabish, J.M. Garg Photographed in Lahaul Valley, Himachal Pradesh.

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