Common name: Brown's Saxifrage
Botanical name: Saxifraga brunonis Family: Saxifragaceae (saxifrage family)
The name brunonis refers to Robert Brown, 19th century
Saxifraga is a large group of hardy perennial plants, of which a few are found
in Asia. The name is an old Latin name derived from saxum, a rock and
frangor, to break; the plant was thought to break stones in the
bladder. Brown's Saxifrage is a herb 5-10 cm high which forms a creeping mat
of pale green rosettes with loose panicles of yellow flowers. It has slender,
red, leafless runners, terminating in a bud. Leaves are elliptic-lancelike.
Yellow flowers appear 2-4 in corymbs. Petals 7 mm long, ovate. Stamens are
like red dots carried on top of thin yellow filaments. Sometimes the stamens
dropp outwards giving the impression of the yellow petals having a red dot
each. Flowers in July-August.
Distribution: Temperate Himalayas (Sikkim to Kashmir)
Grows on boulders in moist and wet places at 3000-5000 m.
|Photographed in Valley of Flowers, Uttarakhand. |