FoI
Burma Ironwood   
Foto info
Burma Ironwood
ative Photo: Shekhar Marathe
Common name: Burma Ironwood, Pyinkado • Hindi: Jambu • Marathi: येरुल Yerul, Jamba, jambha, suriya • Tamil: Irul • Malayalam: Irul, Irumullu • Telugu: kondatangedu, konda tangedu • Kannada: tirwa, jambe, arasu thakku, bettadaavarike • Oriya: Tangni • Mizo: Thing-uk • Sanskrit: Simsapa
Botanical name: Xylia xylocarpa    Family: Mimosaceae (Touch-me-not family)
Synonyms: Mimosa xylocarpa, Xylia dolabriformis

Burma Ironwood is a large deciduous tree to over 18 m high by 60 cm trunk diameter, native of eastern India, Burma and Thailand. Leaves are double-compound, carried on stalks 3-6 cm long. Leaflets are 2-4 pairs - lowest leaflets are 3-4 cm long, with a pointed tip. End leaflet is 7-15 cm long. Stalkless tiny white flowers arise in round heads 2 cm in diameter, carried in slender 7 cm long stalks. Pod is 10-16 cm long, 6 cm wide, woody, rusty velvety, shaped like a boomerang, splitting into two twisted segments. Flowering: March-April.

Identification credit: Shekhar Marathe
Photographed at Karnala Bird Sanctuary, Maharashtra.
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