Cane Buckthorn
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Cane Buckthorn
ative Photo: Ishwari Datt Rai
Common name: Cane Buckthorn • Hindi: chadua, chato, chentuli, chhedula • Oriya: kontus
Botanical name: Rhamnus virgata    Family: Rhamnaceae (Ber family)

Cane Buckthorn is a much branched almost hairless, decidious shrub or small tree, usually branches ending in stout sharp thorns. Leaves are opposite to sub-opposite, variable in size and shape, elliptic-lanceshaped, ovate or obovate, 2-10 cm x 1-6 cm, membranous, slightly velvety when young, toothed, long-pointed, wedge-shaped at base, lateral nerves curved or converging. Leaf-stalks are 5-6 mm long, velvety. Flowers are borne in the axils of the leaves, 4-merous, unisexual, flower-stalk 5-8 mm long wiry. Flowers are 4-5 mm long, sepal cup 4 mm long, sepals 2.5 mm long, lanceshaped, pointed, longer than the cup, about 2 mm long. Petals are spoon-shaped, about 1.5 mm long. Disc is glabrous, thin. Fruit is obovoid about 7 mm long 2-4 seeded, seeds shining grooved on the back, ovoid, dark brown. is found in the Himalayas, from Afghanistan, NW Pakistan, Kashmir to Bhutan, Burma, at altitudes of 1200-3800 m. Flowering: April-June.

Identification credit: Amit Kumar
Photographed in Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.
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