Celery is a vegetable plant which grows to 3 ft tall. The leaves are
pinnate to bipinnate with rhombic leaflets 3-6 cm long and 2-4 cm broad.
Leaves look very similar to those of
. The flowers are creamy-white, 2-3 mm diameter, produced in
dense compound umbels, typical of carrot family. The seeds are broad ovoid
to globose, 1.5-2 mm long and wide.
Celery is used around the world as a vegetable, either for the crisp leaf
stalk or fleshy taproot. Celery is known in the Mediterranean since
millennia. Homeros mentions them in his epics; it was considered a holy
plant in the classical period of Greece. It is less known, though, that
celery leaves were worn by the winners of the Nemean Games, similar to the
use of bay leaves at the Olympic and the Pythian Games.
In temperate countries, celery is also grown for its seeds, which yield a
valuable volatile oil used in the perfume and pharmaceutical industries.