Chestnutleaf Top-Fruit Tree
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Chestnutleaf Top-Fruit Tree
E Native Unknown Photo: Anurag Sharma
Common name: Chestnutleaf Top-Fruit Tree
Botanical name: Nothopegia castaneifolia    Family: Anacardiaceae (Cashew family)
Synonyms: Nothopegia dalzellii, Nothopegia racemosa, Glycicarpus edulis

Chestnutleaf Top-Fruit Tree is a tree, up to 10 m high, bark greyish-brown, smooth; blaze red; branchlets hairless. Leaves are simple, alternate, estipulate; leaf-stalk 8-20 mm, stout, hairless; blade 12-20 x 3.5-6.5 cm, elliptic-oblong, oblong, inverted-lanceshaped or obovate, base pointed, tip tapering, margin entire, hairless, leathery; lateral nerves 13-many, parallel, prominent; intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers are small, polygamous, white, bracteate, in leaf-axils, borne in rusty velvet-hairy racemes. Calyx is small, 4-lobed, persistent, overlapping; sepals broadly ovate, velvet-hairy above with many longitudinal swellings beneath. Petals are 4, oblong, hairless except fringed with hairs hairs on the mid nerve, in curved, overlapping; disc annular, 4-lobed; stamens 4, inserted under the margin of the disc; filaments hairless or slightly velvet-hairy; anthers shortly oblong, introrse; ovary stalkless, superior, ovoid, 1-celled; ovule drooping from near the top of the cell from a flattened funicle; style short; stigma capitate. Fruit a drupe, fleshy, spherical, transversely oblong, striped, depressed at tip; pericarp thin; seed drooping. Chestnutleaf Top-Fruit Tree is found in India and Sri Lanka; in the Western Ghats South and Central Sahyadri.

Identification credit: Anurag Sharma, Siddarth Machado Photographed in Ujire, Karnataka.

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