Common name: Chinese Gentian, Fall gentian
Botanical name: Gentiana sino-ornata Family: Gentianaceae (gentian family)
This is a ground hugging perennial plant from China and Sikkim, where it grows
in wet ground - the flowers exhibiting a range of colour from royal blue to
purple-blue and interspersed with greenish-yellow bands. Chinese Gentians die
ack each winter to fleshy crowns.
Growth commences in early spring and the developing leafy stems, often
branched, can reach a length of 9 - 10", often rooting along their length.
Each shoot tip has a solitary, funnel-shaped flower about 2" long.
It differs from G. ornata which has paler, more slender, blue coloured flowers
and narrower and longer leaves. Gentians
are thought to be named after Gentius, King of Illyria (present-day Albania),
who was the first to use this plant medicinally.
|Photographed in North Sikkim.