Chinese Nutmeg
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Chinese Nutmeg
E Native Photo: M. Sawmliana
Common name: Chinese Nutmeg
Botanical name: Knema erratica    Family: Myristicaceae (Nutmeg family)
Synonyms: Knema yunnanensis, Myristica erratica

Chinese Nutmeg is a tree 30-60 ft tall. Twigs are stout, 2.5-3 mm in diameter, striped, hairless to finely velvet-hairy. Leaf-stalks are 1-1.4 cm long, finely velvet-hairy to hairless, grooved; blade lanceshaped to narrowly lanceshaped, 12-35 x 3-5.5 cm, leathery, blunt to wedge-shaped, pointed to tapering; venation raised; secondary veins 25-28 pairs. Tubercle up to 0.5 cm. Male inflorescence is 7-8 flowered; flower-stalks 5-7.5 x 1.5-2 mm, slender to thread-like, star-shaped, bract keeled, basal to flower-stalk; bracteole annular, basal to median at flower-stalk; bud obovoid, 4.5-5 mm in diameter; tepals ovate, 3.5-2.5 mm, pointed, finely velvet-hairy; disc elliptic to slightly triangular, 1-2 x 1-1.5 mm, concave, anthers 13-14, obscurely stiped; 1.5-2 mm long. Female inflorescence 2-3 flowered; flowers nearly stalkless, bud 4-5 x 3.5-4 mm, ellipsoid, tepals obovate, 3-3.5 x 2-2.5 mm, bluntly pointed, star-shaped. Fruit stalk 8-10, woolly; fruits 1-3, obovoid, 1.8-2.3 x 1.3-1.7 cm, blunt at tip, finely velvet-hairy to becoming hairless; pericarp 2.5-5 mm thick. Chinese Nutmeg is found in India (N. West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram), Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Laos, Vietnam. Flowering: September-January.

Identification credit: J.M. Garg Photographed in Lungkulh, Mizoram.

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