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ntroduced elliptic Photo: Thingnam Sophia
Common name: Coffee, Mountain coffee, Arabica coffee • Hindi: काफ़ी Kafi • Manipuri: ꯀꯣꯐꯤ Kophi • Marathi: Kaphe • Tamil: Kappi • Malayalam: Kappi • Kannada: ಬುಂದು, ಬೂಂದು Bundu, Tulu: ಬುನ್ನು Bunnu, ಬೂಣು Boonu • Sanskrit: Rajapiluh
Botanical name: Coffea arabica    Family: Rubiaceae (Coffee family)

Coffee plant is an evergreen, glabrous shrub or small tree, up to 5 m tall when unpruned. The leaves are opposite, simple elliptic-ovate to oblong, 6-12 cm long and 4-8 cm broad, glossy dark green. The flowers are produced in axillary clusters, each flower white, and 1-1.5 cm diameter. The fruit is a berry 10-15 mm long, maturing bright red to purple, containing two seeds (the coffee bean). Coffee takes about seven years to mature fully. It is usually cultivated between 1,300 and 1,500 m altitude, but there are plantations as low as sea level and as high as 2,800 m.

Identification credit: John Campana Photographed in Manipur & Kerala.

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