Botanical name: Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia Family: Lamiaceae (Mint family)
Synonyms: Lavandula vera, Lavandula officinalis, Lavandula spica
Common Lavender is a strongly aromatic shrub growing to 1–2 m tall. Evergreen leaves are narrow linear up to 4 cm long, 2-3 mm broad, entire, with somewhat curled margin, whitish, stalkless, usually with dusters of younger leaves in axils. Flowers are lavender blue, borne in spikes 2-3.5 cm long, condensed or lowermost interrupted. Bracts are rhombic-obovate long-pointed, shorter than sepals. Sepal cup is cylindrical, 5 mm, 13-ribbed; teeth nearly equal. Flowers are 1-1.2 cm long, 13-veined, densely velvety outside, base hairless, throat and limb glandular hairy. Upper lip is straight, with lobes circular and slightly overlapping; lower lip is spreading. Common Lavender is native to the Mediterranean area and also cultivated there for the production of the fragrant lavender oil. In India it is grown in parts of Kashmir.
Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh
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