FoI
Common Sesban   
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Common Sesban
ative Photo: Tabish
Common name: Common sesban, Egyptian rattlepod, Egyptian riverhemp • Hindi: Jayanti जयंती • Kannada: jeenangi • Oriya: Thaitimul • Marathi: shewarie • Telugu: samintha • Sanskrit: जयंतिका Jayantika • Tangkhul: Chuchurangmei
Botanical name: Sesbania sesban    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)

Common sesban is a small, often multi-stemmed tree, growing to 4-8 m high. Its leaves are pinnately compound, 2-18 cm long with 6-27 pairs of linear oblong leaflets (26 x 5 mm). The raceme has 2-20 pea-shaped flowers which are yellow with purple or brown streaks on the corolla. Pods are subcylindrical, straight or slightly curved up to 30 cm long and 5 mm wide containing 10-50 seeds. Common sesban has a long history of use in India, primarily as a green manure and a source of cut and carry forage. Planted, or assisted to establish as a volunteer, as an improved fallow in maize fields in southern and east Africa because it improves crop yields and provides fuelwood. Can be intercropped with corn, beans, cotton and many other field crops. Harvested leaves make a rich compost. Its leaves are a good source of protein for cattle and sheep.

Photographed at Jhasola Vihar, Delhi.

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