Creek Rat-Tail Grass
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Creek Rat-Tail Grass
P Native Photo: Avinash Bhagat
Common name: Creek Rat-Tail Grass
Botanical name: Urochondra setulosa    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Synonyms: Crypsis setulosa, Heleochloa setulosa, Sporobolus setulosus

Creek Rat-Tail Grass is a perennial salt-tolerant grass of dune-slacks, banks of salt-water creeks and saline flats. It has short rhizome; stems erect or geniculately rising up, stout, 15-90 cm high, densely velvet-hairy below the inflorescence. Leaf-blades are up to 30 cm long and 8 mm wide, involute or expanded at the base, rigid, pungent, hairless or minutely hairy. Flowers are borne in cylindrical panicles, protruding, 4.5-16 cm long, 4-8 mm wide. Spikelets are oblong or obovate-oblong, 2-3 mm long; glumes linear-oblong to lanceshaped-oblong, pointed or blunt, fringed with hairs on the keel, the lower 1.5-2.5 mm long, the upper 2.6-3 mm long; lemma 2.5-3 mm long, fringed with hairs on the keel. Creek Rat-Tail Grass is native to NE Tropical Africa to NW India.

Identification credit: Avinash Bhagat Photographed at Banni Grassland, Bhuj, Gujarat.

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