Common name: Creeping Rungia • Hindi: Kharmor • Marathi: घाटी पित्तपापडा Ghati-pitpapra • Tamil: Kodaga Saleh • Sanskrit: Parpatha
Botanical name: Rungia repens Family: Acanthaceae (Barleria family)
Creeping Rungia is an annual herb, 10-30 cm tall. Slender stems are
prostrate, rooting near the base, then they become erect. Oppositely
arranged, short-stalked, oblong-lancelike leaves are 3-5 cm long.
Stalkless flowers occur in an erect 1-sided spike, 3-7 cm long, at the end
of the stems. Approximately elliptic, pointed, bracts are 6-8 mm long.
Flowers are 2-lipped bluish purple, with dark purple and white spots. The
oblong upper lip is 3 mm long, while the larger lower lip is 5 mm,
shallowly 3-lobed. The flowers have two stamens. It is commonly found in
the grasslands in the Western Ghats. Flowering: November.
Identification credit: Rahul Prabhu Khanolkar
|Photographed in Maharashtra.|