Curved Flower Chassalia
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Curved Flower Chassalia
P Native Photo: Thingnam Rajshree
Common name: Curved Flower Chassalia
Botanical name: Chassalia curviflora var. curviflora    Family: Rubiaceae (Coffee family)
Synonyms: Chassalia lurida, Chassalia sanguiana

Curved Flower Chassalia is an erect subshrub, 1-2 m tall.Flowers are borne in pyramidal to rounded, several to many flowered cymes, finely velvet-hairy. Flower-cluster-stalks are 1-5 cm; branched portion 3-7 cm. Flowers are nearly stalkless, in three forms: with anthers protruding and stigmas inside, with anthers inside and stigmas protruding, or with anthers and stigmas both protruding. Flowers are white with pink, red, or orange on petals, outside hairless to sparsely finely velvet-hairy and longitudinally ridged to winged along tube then midribs of petals. Flower tube shallowly to strongly curved or bent at base, 1.0-1.5 cm, velvet-hairy inside. Petals are (4 or)5, ovate-triangular, 2-2.5 mm, at tip thickened. Infructescence axes becoming swollen and red. Calyx with hypanthium portion ellipsoid to obovoid, 1-1.5 mm, hairless; limb 5-lobed, 0.5-1 mm; sepals 0.3-0.5 mm, pointed. Leaves are oblong-elliptic, elliptic, or inverted-lanceshaped, 6-27 x 2.5-7.5 cm; secondary veins distinct on the upper surface. Fruit purple, oblate to spherical 5-7 × 6-9 mm. Curved Flower Chassalia is found in China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Cambodia, E and NE India (including Andaman Islands), Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, at altitudes of 100-2000 m. Flowering: April-June.

Identification credit: Tabish Photographed in East Siang district, Arunachal Pradesh.

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