Curved-Flower Flaming-Acanthus
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Curved-Flower Flaming-Acanthus
P Native Photo: Angela Pangkam
Common name: Curved-Flower Flaming-Acanthus • Assamese: Dhapa-tita • Kachari: Mogung-sudi • Khasi: Tew-phot-saw • Lushai: Vatteju • Manipuri: ꯅꯣꯡꯃꯥꯡꯈꯥ ꯑꯁꯤꯟꯕꯥ Nongmangkha asinba • Miri: Kona-oing • Mizo: Vate-zu
Botanical name: Phlogacanthus curviflorus    Family: Acanthaceae (Acanthus family)
Synonyms: Justicia curviflora

Curved-Flower Flaming-Acanthus is a large branched shrub, up to 3-4 m tall. Oppositely arranged leaves are 8-10 inches long. They are elliptic, pointed at both ends, sometimes somewhat toothed. Flowers are borne in upright spikes at the end of branches. Flowers are long, tube-like, reddish, 4.5-5 cm, outside densely brownish velvet-hairy and sometimes including gland-tipped trichomes; tube about 4.2 cm; lower lip 3-lobed, lobes oblong and about 2 x 1.5 mm; upper lip 2-cleft. Stamens slightly protruding. Sepal-cup is 6-11 mm; sepals subulate to lanceshaped, almost equal, outside sparsely velvet-hairy, inside densely brown woolly. Curved-Flower Flaming-Acanthus is found in NE India, Yunnan, Bhutan, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, at altitudes of 400-1600 m.
Medicinal uses: In Manipur, boiled leaf juice is used as a tea-like drink to cure cough and fever. Flowers are eaten raw or fried as tonic. In Arunachal Pradesh, pounded flowers are used as condiment.

Identification credit: Ritesh Choudhary, Tanay Bose Photographed in Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam & Mizoram.

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