Common name: Cutch Tree, black catechu, black cutch, cashoo, catechu, wadalee gum • Assamese: খৈৰ kher • Bengali: খয়ের khayer • Gujarati: ખેર kher • Hindi: दन्त धावन dant-dhavan, गायत्रिन् gayatrin, खैर khair, खयर khayar, मदन madan, पथिद्रुम pathi-drum, पयोर payor, प्रियसख priya-sakh • Kannada: ಕಾಚು kaachu, ಕದಿರ kadira, ಕಾದು kadu, ಕಗ್ಗಲಿ kaggali • Konkani: खैर khair • Malayalam: കരിണ്ടാലി karintaali • Marathi: खैर khair, खयर khayar, यज्ञवृक्ष yajnavrksa • Nepali: खयर khayar • Sanskrit: गायत्रिन् gayatrin, खदिरः or खादिरः khadira, पथिद्रुम pathi-drum, पयोर payor, प्रियसख priya-sakh • Tamil: செங்கருங்காலி cenkarungali, காசுக்கட்டி kacu-k-katti, கறை karai • Telugu: ఖదిరము khadiramu. కవిరిచండ్ర kaviricandra, నల్లచండ్ర nallacandra • Urdu: کهير khair
Botanical name: Acacia catechu Family: Mimosaceae (Touch-me-not family)
Synonyms: Mimosa catechu, Acacia wallichiana
Cutch tree is a small tree, growing 3-15 m high. The stem is dark brown to
black, with rough bark which peels off in long strips in mature trees;
young trees have corky bark. The fern-like leaves are 100-200 mm long and
contain between 8 and 30 pairs of small leaves made up of numerous, oblong
pairs of secondary leaflets 2-6 mm long. Glands occur on the stem below
the first pair of leaves, and between the uppermost six pairs of leaves.
Pairs of stout thorns up to 10 mm long are found at the base of each leaf.
The flowers are white or pale yellow, about 3 mm long and bunched tightly
together to form a cylindrical flower spike, 35-75 mm long, resembling a
lamb's tail. The brown, beaked seed pods are 50-125 mm long on a short
stalk and contain between four and seven seeds, which are dark brown, flat
and 5-8 mm in diameter. The taproot branches to 2 m depth.
Identification credit: Pravin Kawale
|Photographed in Maharashtra.|