Danda Thor
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Danda Thor
ative Photo: Gurcharan Singh
Common name: Danda Thor, Churee, Royle's Spurge • Hindi: Chhun, danda thor, senhur, shakar pitan • Nepali: सिउन्डी Siundee • Sanskrit: nanda, nisrinsapatra, saptala • Urdu: Thuhar
Botanical name: Euphorbia royleana    Family: Euphorbiaceae (Castor family)

Danda Thor is a large cactus-like shrub, up to 5 m tall, with stout strunk and many thick fleshy branches with 5-7 thick, wavy, winged ridges armed with pairs of thorns on their margins. Leaves are fleshy, spoon-shaped, 10-15 cm long. The stems become leafless during hot and cold seasons. Flower-heads are yellow-green, 3-4 in almost stalkless clusters in leaf axils. Fruit is 3-lobed, about 1 cm across. Danda Thor is found in the Himalayas, from Pakistan to E. Nepal, up to 1800 m elevation. Flowering: March-May.
Medicinal uses: The latex of the plant is a valuable source of in-genol esters. Ingol is a macrocyclic diterpene and is of therapeutic interest due to its antileukemic properties. Danda Thor has been used in Ayurvedic and Yunani medicine.

Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh
Photographed in Cactus Garden, Panchkula, Haryana.
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