FoI
Dandelion   
Foto info
Dandelion
ative Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: Dandelion • Bengali: Pitachumki • Hindi: Dudhi, Baran, dudal, Dudh-batthal, Dudhal • Kannada: Kaadu shaavanthi • Ladakhi: ཧན Han • Malayalam: Dugddhapheni • Sanskrit: Dugdhapheni, Lootari, Payasvini • Telugu: Patri • Urdu: Bathur
Botanical name: Taraxacum officinale    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)

Dandelion is a perennial plant growing almost everywhere, which can reach 38 cm in height. This plant has only basal leaves. Each leaf is toothed or lobed. The flower-heads are up to 4.5 cm wide, yellow. The florets number 40 to over 100 per head, that are yellow or orange-yellow in color. Blooms first appear in mid spring and continue into early winter. Seeds are enclosed singly within fruiting bodies and are attached to a long slender stalk that terminates in a parachute-like structure called a pappus. Seeds are transported in the wind. Euell Gibbons in his classic book Stalking the Wild Asparagus devotes over four pages to the many tasty dishes that can be made from this common plant while homeowners and greens keepers spend millions of dollars on toxins to eliminate Dandelions from their lawns. Dandelion has enormous medicinal value.

Identification credit: Radhika Vathsan
Photographed in Mussoorie, Uttarakhand.
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