East-Himalayan Elatostema
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East-Himalayan Elatostema
P Native Photo: Saroj Kasaju
Common name: East-Himalayan Elatostema
Botanical name: Elatostema dissectum    Family: Urticaceae (Nettle family)
Synonyms: Elatostema paragungshanense

East-Himalayan Elatostema is a perennial herb, monoecious or dioecious, 30-100 cm tall, hairless. Stems rising up or erect, simple or rarely branched, lower stems brown covered with flaky scales. Leaves are alternate; nanophylls absent; stipules narrowly linear or subulate, 3-5 x 0.1-0.3 mm, with cystoliths; leaf-stalk 0-0.5 mm; leaf blade obliquely oblong or obliquely oblong-lanceshaped, 8-15 x 2.5-5 cm, herbaceous, major basal lateral veins asymmetric, 1 basal, the other arising above base, cystoliths prominent, dense; base obliquely wedge-shaped, margin toothed, tip tapering or cuspidate. Male inflorescences are solitary, simple, about 1 cm across, carried on a flower-cluster-stalk 1.5-8.0 cm long. Receptacle is elliptic or nearly oblong, 4-10 x 3-6 mm; bracts fused, 2-2.5 mm; bracteoles linear. Female inflorescences are 5-9 mm in diameter, flower-cluster-stalk 0-1 mm; receptacle 4-8 mm; bracts lanceshaped; bracteoles nearly linear. Male flowers are 4-merous. Achenes narrowly ovoid, 8-ribbed. East-Himalayan Elatostema is found in Montain forests, or valley forests, at altitudes of 500-2100 m, in China, Bhutan, NE India, Laos, Sikkim, Thailand. Flowering: January-June.

Identification credit: Longfei Fu Photographed in Sukhiapokahari, Darjeeling, West Bengal.

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