East-Himalayan Saxifrage
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East-Himalayan Saxifrage
P Native Unknown Photo: Ramesh Kadyan
Common name: East-Himalayan Saxifrage
Botanical name: Saxifraga engleriana    Family: Saxifragaceae (Saxifrage family)
Synonyms: Saxifraga zangnanensis

East-Himalayan Saxifrage is perennial herb, 1.5-3.5 cm tall with branched shoots. It is named for Heinrich Gustav Adolph Engler, 20th century German botanist. Flowering stem is brown crisped hairy. Stem leaves are clustered into a rosette near middle of stem, remote proximally and distally on stem, nearly spoon-shaped or narrowly obovate to broadly elliptic, 2.2-5.2 x 1-2.2 mm, carnose, both surfaces hairless on proximal leaves, margin proximally bristly-fringed with hairs on distal leaves, tip blunt to subblunt. Yellow flowers are borne singly on flower-stalks 4.1-7 mm, whitish crisped hairy. Sepals are erect, then spreading, broadly ovate to nearly elliptic, below convex, above concave, 1.9-2.6 x 1.2-1.7 mm, carnose, hairless, veins 3, confluent at tip, tip blunt. Petals are yellow, elliptic to broadly so, 3-4.1 x 2-2.5 mm, 2-callose, 3- or 4-veined, base with a claw 0.4-1 mm, tip blunt. Stamens are 2.5-4.2 mm. Ovary is semi-inferior, broadly conical, 2.3-4 mm, with an annular nectary disc. Styles are 1.2-2 mm long. East-Himalayan Saxifrage is found in alpine meadows, screes, rock crevices in Eastern Himalayas, from Nepal to Bhutan, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, at altitudes of 4100-4700 m. Flowering: June-August.

Identification credit: Nongthombam Ullysess Photographed in Arunachal Pradesh.

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