East-Indian Shrub-Mint
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East-Indian Shrub-Mint
P Native Photo: M. Sawmliana
Common name: East-Indian Shrub-Mint
Botanical name: Pogostemon menthoides    Family: Lamiaceae (Mint family)
Synonyms: Pogostemon fraternus, Pogostemon macgregorii

East-Indian Shrub-Mint is a prostrate or spreading perennial herb, with stems rising up, branched, purplish, basally rooting adventitiously, tip glandular hairy. Leaf-stalks are 1-4 cm. leaves ovate to ovate-lanceshaped, 2-5.5 x 1.2-3.2 cm, membranous or papery, bristly or nearly hairless, base rounded to somewhat heart-shaped, margin sawtoothed to double sawtoothed, tip pointed to tapering; lateral veins about 3-paired, rather prominent. Flowers are borne in thyrse at branch-ends, 5-16 cm, interrupted, glandular hairy, velvet-hairy; verticillasters 5-11-flowered; flower-cluster-stalk 2.5 cm or more; bracteoles subsubulate, almost as long as flower-stalks, rigidly fringed with hairs. Flower-stalks are 2-4 mm, sepal-cup almost tubular, 4-5 mm, glandular hairy, 2-lipped, throat densely bristly annulate; teeth subulate to linear-subulate, 3 of upper lip wider, 2 of lower lip slightly longer. Flowers are purplish, up to twice as long as sepal-cup, petals almost equal. Stamens are bearded. East-Indian Shrub-Mint is found at streamsides, wet areas in forests, at altitudes of 400-1200 m, in East Himalaya, Yunnan, and parts of SE Asia. Flowering: March-April.

Identification credit: J.M. Garg Photographed in Ailawng, Mizoram.

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