Eastern Purple Coneflower
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Eastern Purple Coneflower
P Introduced Photo: Anil Thakur
Common name: Eastern Purple Coneflower
Botanical name: Echinacea purpurea    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)
Synonyms: Rudbeckia purpurea

Eastern Purple Coneflower is an herbaceous perennial herb up to 4 ft tall by 25 cm wide at maturity. Depending on the climate, it blooms throughout spring to late summer. Its cone-shaped flowering heads are usually, but not always, purple in the wild. Its individual flowers (florets) within the flower head are hermaphroditic, having both male and female organs in each flower. It is pollinated by butterflies and bees. Leaves arise from the base of the stem and are 15 x10 cm, ovate to lanceshaped in shape, with coarsely, irregularly toothed margins. Leaves arising from further up the stem are tapered towards their base. Its habitats include dry open woods, prairies and barrens, as well as in cultivated beds. Eastern Purple Coneflower is a North American species, cultivated as a garden plant in hill-stations of India.

Identification credit: Anil Thakur Photographed in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh.

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