Entire-Leaf Paracroton
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Entire-Leaf Paracroton
E Native Photo: Siddarth Machado
Common name: Entire-Leaf Paracroton
Botanical name: Paracroton integrifolius    Family: Euphorbiaceae (Castor family)
Synonyms: Ostodes integrifolius, Fahrenheitia integrifolia

Entire-Leaf Paracroton is a trees, 10-20 m tall; branchlets scaly to hairless. Leaves are elliptic to oblongelliptic or obovate-elliptic to inverted-lanceshaped, pointed to wedge-shaped-narrowed at base, entire or slightly wavy along margins, bluntly tapering or cuspidate to pointed at tip, 9-27 x 4-10 cm, papery to thinly leathery, hairless, often glossy above; lateral nerves 6 - 12 pairs; leaf-stalks 1-7 cm long, hairless or sparsely finely velvet-hairy. Male inflorescences are 10-30 cm long; bracts triangular to subulate, 1.5-2 mm long; flowers fascicled, about 1.5 cm long, sparsely velvet-hairy; flower-stalks 3-9 mm long, scaly; sepals 5, round to elliptic, 3-8 x 3-5.5 mm; petals 5, oblong or oblong-elliptic, 7-12 x 3.5-6 mm; disc glands fulvous pilose at tip, of various shapes; stamens 12-16, 3 or 4-seriate, the outer 5 free, the inner united into columns; anthers ellipsoid, about 1 mm long. Female inflorescences not seen. Fruits trilobed, depressedspherical, bluntly keeled on sutures, 1.7-2 x 2-2.2 cm, tomentellous; fruiting flower-stalks 7-8 mm long; persistent sepals ovate-round to linear-subulate, 7-8 x 1.5-2 mm. Entire-Leaf Paracroton is endemic to the evergreen tropical forests of southern Western Ghats at 500-1000 m altitude, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Flowering: October-February.

Identification credit: Siddarth Machado Photographed in Kodagu district, Karnataka.

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