Botanical name: Galeola falconeri Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Cyrtosia falconeri
Falconer's Galeola is a giant sized, warm to cold growing, terrestrial orchid with a woody, round stem enveloped by lanceshaped-triangular sheaths. It is a myco-heterotroph, which means it is part of a symbiotic relationship with certain fungi, in which it gets all or part of its food from parasitism upon the fungi rather than from photosynthesis. The plant blooms with vanilla scented, spongy flowers on a panicled, branched, pendent, laxly few flowered inflorescence. The inflorescence has lanceshaped, pointed, concave floral bracts. Flowers are bright yellow. Sepals are elliptic-oblong, 2.2-3 × 1-1.5 cm, below shortly rusty woolly. Petals are slightly narrower than sepals, hairless; lip broadly ovate or round, about 2 x 1.6-1.8 cm, above densely hairy especially near margin, unlobed, concave, basal part embracing column, near base narrowed and forming a small sac, margin fringed and wavy-toothed. Column is 7-8 mm. Capsule is more than 10 cm. Falconer's Galeola is found in the Himalayas, Thailand, and Taiwan in dense broad-leaved forests at elevations of 800-2300 m. Flowering: June-July.
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