Fatehpur Melhania
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Fatehpur Melhania
P Native Photo: Tara Chand Saini
Common name: Fatehpur Melhania
Botanical name: Melhania futteyporensis    Family: Malvaceae (Mallow family)
Synonyms: Melhania abutiloides, Melhania hamiltoniana Munro, Melhania futteyporensis var. major

Fatehpur Melhania is a small subshrub, 40-70 cm tall, velvet-hairy. It is named after the Fatehpur Sikri town near Agra, where it was first found. Leaves are lanceshaped, elliptic-lanceshaped, ovate or ovate-lanceshaped, unlobed or occasionally obscurely 3-lobed, 2-9 cm long, 1-6 cm broad, velvety on both sides, sawtoothed-rounded toothed; leaf-stalk 1-3 cm long, hairy; stipules thread-like, 4-8 mm long, brown. Flowers are borne in 2-4-flowered cymes, on flower-cluster-stalk 1-5 cm long, velvet-hairy. Flowerss are 1.5-2 cm across, flower-stalk 5-10 mm long, velvet-hairy, elongated in fruit; bracts ovate, 0.8-1.6 cm long, 0.5-1 cm broad, cuspidate. Sepals are linear-lanceshaped, 0.8-1.8 cm long, 3-4 mm broad, tapering or cuspidate, velvet-hairy outside, persistent. Petals are oblique, obovate, about 1.6 cm long, 6-8 mm broad. Stamens are 8-10 mm long, staminodes about 1.5 cm long. Ovary is nearly spherical, hairy. Capsules are oblong to almost spherical, 0.6-1.5 cm long, 3.5-8 mm in diameter, blunt or rarely minutely beaked, hairy. Fatehpur Melhania is native to the Indian subcontinent. Flowering: August-December.

Identification credit: Tara Chand Saini Photographed in Lohargal, Shakambhari Conservation Reserve, Rajasthan.

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