Feather-leaved Cassia
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Feather-leaved Cassia
ative Photo: Pravin Kawale
Common name: Feather-leaved Cassia, Fish-bone cassia, Japanese tea, mountain flat-bean, tea senna • Hindi: पटवा घास patwa ghas • Kannada: ನೆಲ ಬಾಗೆ nela baage, ನೆಲ ತಂಗಡಿ nela thangadi • Malayalam: ചേരണി cherani, ചെറുതകര cheruthakara, പടർചുണ്ട padarchunda, തീമുള്ള് thimull • Marathi: चिंचणी chinchani, पिवळा लाजाळू pivala lajalu • Nepalese: अमलाझार amalaajhaar • Telugu: నేలపొన్న nelaponna • Tulu: ನೆಲ ಬಾಗೆ nela baage Source: Names of Plants in India
Botanical name: Chamaecrista mimosoides    Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family)
Synonyms: Cassia mimosoides, Cassia sensitiva

Feather-leaved Cassia is an exceedingly variable, prostrate to erect legume up to 1.5 m high, usually annual, sometimes with stems becoming woody above ground level. Stems variable, usually puberulent with short curved hairs, sometimes more or less densely clothed with longer spreading hairs. Compound leaves are linear to linear-oblong, more or less parallel- sided, 0.6 to 10 cm long, 0.4 to 1.5 cm, with 16-76 pairs of oblong leaflets. This makes the leaf appear like a fish-bone, which is the origin of its one of the many common names. Inflorescence one- to three-flowered. Flowers are yellow, five-petalled, typical cassia form. Petals yellow, obovate 4 to 13 mm long, 2 to 9 mm wide. Pods linear to linear-oblong, (sometimes 1.5 but usually 3.5 to 8 cm long); 3.5 mm wide. Feather-leaved cassia is native to Africa, Tropical Asia to N. Australia.

Identification credit: Pravin Kawale Photographed in Maharashtra & Bangalore.

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