Common name: Fern Asparagus • Hindi: chiriya-kanda, sahasimuli, sharanoi • Nepali: बन कुरीलो Ban kurilo • Sanskrit: satavari
Botanical name: Asparagus filicinus Family: Asparagaceae (Asparagus family)
Fern Asparagus an erect herb with a short rhizome
with fleshy swollen fasciculate roots up to 120 cm, hairless, grooved,
ridged. Stem is erect, herbaceous, unarmed. False leaves (Cladodes)
occur in whorls 4-6, linear, sickle-shaped, 3-15 x 0.6-1 mm, flat.
Flowers of both sexes solitary or paired, arise in the axil of cladode,
in the middle or upper part of the stem. Flower-stalks are slender, 1-2
cm, articulate, lower part slightly exceeding the upper part. Male
flowers: perianth white, creamy or greenish, 2.5-3.5 mm. Filaments
1.5-2.0 mm, free, anthers 0.5-1.0 mm. Female flower: perianth 2 mm.
Ovary 0.8-2.0 mm, style c. 0.2 mm, trilobed. Berry deep red-black, 5-6
mm in diameter. Fern Asparagus is found in Pakistan, Himalayas, from
Kashmir to Bhutan, China, Myanmar and Thailand, at altitudes of
1200--3000 m. Flowering: May-July.
Identification credit: Krishan Lal
|Photographed in Chor, Sirmaur Distt, Himachal Pradesh.|