Fleshy-Flowered Spindle Tree
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Fleshy-Flowered Spindle Tree
D Introduced Photo: Nidhan Singh
Common name: Fleshy-Flowered Spindle Tree
Botanical name: Euonymus carnosus    Family: Celastraceae (Spike-thorn family)
Synonyms: Euonymus tanakae, Euonymus batakensis, Euonymus platycline

Fleshy-Flowered Spindle Tree is a deciduous shrubs to small tree, up to 8 m tall, about 10 cm stem diameter, branches and twigs gray-green to gray-brown, round, sturdy. Leaf-stalks are 5-20 mm; leaf blade thickly papery to leathery, elliptic or oblong-elliptic to ovate or obovate-elliptic, 6-13 x 1.5-7 cm, base wedge-shaped or narrowed, margin crenulate, tip blunt or mucronulate; lateral veins 8-12 pairs, curving forward, redivided and webbing with veinlets before reaching margin. Flower-cluster-stalk are 2-6 cm long, 1-3 times dichotomously branched with several to many flowers; flower-stalk 5-10 mm. Flowers are 4-merous, 10-12 mm in diameter. Sepals are semi-round, persistent; petals yellow or brown-green, round. Capsules are 4-lobed, brown or yellow-brown to red-brown, 1.2-1.5 x 1-1.2 cm. Seeds are 3-6 per cell, ellipsoid, dark brown, arillate. Fleshy-Flowered Spindle Tree is found in East Asia, China-Japan. Flowering: May-August.

Identification credit: Robert H. Archer Photographed in Llyods Botanical Garden, Darjeeling.

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