Common name: Forest Burr, Creeping Cock's Comb • Hindi: नागदामिनी Nagadaminee, Undho bhurat, चिर्चिट्टा Chirchitta • Tamil: adai-otti, perunkotiveli, napikai, valiyakkotiveli • Malayalam: pu-pal-valli, wellia-codiveli • Telugu: erra utthareni, thella utthareni, yerri chithramoolam • Kannada: antupurale gida, naagadamani • Konkani: Sitya kurdi
Botanical name: Pupalia lappacea Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth family)
Synonyms: Achyranthes lappacea
Forest Burr is a perennial herb, erect or prostrate and sprawling, 60-90 cm tall.
Branches and leaves opposite, variously hairy. Leaves variable in shape
and size, from narrowly ovate-elliptic to oblong or orbicular, 2-12 x 1-6
cm, acuminate to apiculate at the tip, shortly or more longly wedge-shaped
at the base, narrowed to a stalk 2-25 mm long. Flower-spikes are at the
end of the stem and branches, at first dense, elongating to as much as 50
cm in fruit. Inflorescences greyish-white, in racemes, the clusters
alternate and well-spaced. hermaphrodite flowers mostly in ± sessile
clusters of 3, upper often solitary; bracteoles of hermaphrodite flowers
broadly cordate-ovate, 2.75-5 mm, conspicuous, sharply mucronate with the
percurrent midrib. Tepals oblong, 3.5-6 mm, glabrous to ± pilose dorsally,
3-nerved, the lateral nerves of the 2 outer tepals strong throughout,
joining the shortly excurrent midrib just below the apex. Spines of
modified flowers glabrous except sometimes near the base, yellowish to
purple, 3-4 mm; 3-flowered clusters falling together to form a “burr” up
to 2.5 cm in diameter. Filaments 2-3 mm. Style slender, 1.25 2 mm.
The fluffy fruits are balled and used to filter milk etc.
Identification credit: Navendu Pāgé & Shaista Ahmad
|Photographed at Green Park City Forest, Delhi & Karighatta Hill, Karnataka.|