Common name: Fragrant Padri Tree • Assamese: parhori, paroli, ser phang • Garo: bolsel • Hindi: padeli • Kannada: adri, bili paadri, giri, hadari • Khasi: dieng sir • Malayalam: kacasthali, karannavu, karanyavu • Marathi: kalagori, kalgari, paadal • Mizo: zinghal • Naga: Ing-nge-ching • Nepali: Kuber bacha, jinghal, parhori • Sanskrit: kastapatala, patala • Tamil: ambuvagina, padiri, pathiriver, pumbadiri • Telugu: ambuvaasini, gallugudu, goddalipukusu, isakarasi
Botanical name: Stereospermum chelonoides Family: Bignoniaceae (Jacaranda family)
Synonyms: Bignonia chelonoides, Bignonia suaveolens, Stereospermum suaveolens
Fragrant Padri Tree is a large deciduous tree,
10-20 m tall, with velvet-hairy branches. Leaves are compound, 1-2 ft
long, with 3-4 pairs of leaflets. Leaflets are 7-15 cm long, broadly
elliptic, long-pointed. velvety on the underside, rounded and unequal
at base, with 6-8 nerves, short-stalked. Fragrant flowers are borne in
large lax panicles. They are 10-20 cm long, pinkish. Sepal cup is
bell-shaped, 1 cm long, hairy, 3-5 lobed. Stamens are 4, remaining
inside the flower-tube. Seed-pod is 1-2 ft long, cylindric, ribbed,
rough. Fragrant Padri Tree is globally distributed in Indo-Malesia.
Within India, it is found in tropical Himalayas, Assam, Meghalaya and
in moist deciduous forests of Western Ghats.
Identification credit: Shrikant Ingalhalikar
|Photographed in Gorewada, Nagpur, Maharashtra.|