Free-Flowering Dendrobium
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Free-Flowering Dendrobium
P Native Photo: Jambey Tsering
Common name: Free-Flowering Dendrobium
Botanical name: Mycaranthes floribunda    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Dendrobium floribundum, Eria paniculata, Mycaranthes paniculata

Free-Flowering Dendrobium is a small to medium sized, tree-dwelling or terrestrial orchid with caespitose, pendent, woody stems enveloped by tubular sheaths and carrying many all along the stem, linear to linear-oblong, tapering, fleshy, nearly stalkless to shortly stalked base leaves. The plant blooms in the winter through spring on 2-4, at branch-ends, fasciculate to paniculate, wooly velvet-hairy, 7.5-31 cm long, densely many flowered inflorescence with acrid smelling flowers. Flowers are yellowish green, flower-stalk and ovary 2-3 mm, densely grayish white cottony. Sepals are densely grayish white cottony below; dorsal sepal ovate-elliptic, about 3 x 1 mm, blunt; lateral sepals obliquely triangular, about 3 x 2.5 mm, blunt; mentum about 2 mm. Petals are oblong, about 3 x 1.5 mm, hairless, broadly blunt. Lip is fan-shaped in outline, base shortly clawed, distally 3-lobed; lateral lobes nearly ovate-triangular; mid-lobe kidney-shaped, about 1.5 x 2.5 mm. Free-Flowering Dendrobium is found in Central Himalaya to NE India to China and Borneo, at altitudes of 660-2300 m. Flowering: April-June.

Identification credit: Jambey Tsering Photographed in Sessa, West Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh.

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